Whenever King Henry VIII (1509–1547) wasn’t searching for a new partner or dissolving a monastery, he was commissioning a new ship. He undertook a huge growth associated with the Tudor navy. Anthony Anthony, a military administrator, set about to report and illustrate this, and introduced Henry with three splendid rolls in 1546, now available completely through the Uk Library’s Digitised Manuscripts website.
The British Library holds the 2nd of Anthony’s moves, Add MS 22047, ‘The 2nd Rolle declaryng the Nombre of Kynges Maiestys owne Galliasses’. Galleasses were greatly armed three-masted galleys. The most strange vessel shown with this roll could be the Galley Subtle, very embellished and built by shipwrights brought in from Italy.
The Galley Subtle
When they were developed, the moves were a superb show of recent naval technology. They reveal not just the ships, but name their particular crews and list their armaments (the text is present on Wikisource, or imprinted with a commentary). We were holding of main interest to Anthony, who worked in ordnance company into the Tower of London. The moves are an integral resource for the Tudor navy: after the sunken Mary Rose ended up being salvaged in 1982, the 16th-century depiction had been extremely beneficial in making feeling of the archaeological proof.
The Lyon and The Dragon:
Others two moves show the navy’s warships, pinnaces and ‘roo baergys’ (row barges). King Charles II (1660–1685) provided them to Samuel Pepys, that has them chop up and bound into a volume, today inside Pepys Library in Magdalene university, Cambridge. Fortunately, the British Library’s roll remains in its original structure.